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大学英语4级考试精准听力法 Model Test Four

[00:13.15]Model Test Four
[00:16.13]Section A
[00:18.42]Directions:
[00:20.38]In this section,
[00:22.54]you will hear 8 short conversations
[00:25.55]and 2 long conversations.
[00:28.96]At the end of each conversation,
[00:31.62]one or more questions will be asked
[00:34.20]about what was said. Both the conversation
[00:38.05]and the questions will be spoken only once.
[00:42.47]After each question there will be a pause.
[00:46.37]During the pause, you must read
[00:49.19]the four choices marked A), B), C) and D),
[00:54.88]and decide which is the best answer.
[00:58.88]Then mark the corresponding letter
[01:01.31]on Answer Sheet 2
[01:03.73]with a single line through the centre.
[01:07.96]Now let's begin with the eight short conversations.
[01:13.93]11. M: Did you get what you wanted?
[01:17.48]I remember you said you wanted to
[01:19.18]get a sweater.
[01:20.49]W: No, a blouse.
[01:22.04]But by that time,
[01:23.21]the ones on sale were all gone,
[01:25.61]so I settled for a skirt.
[01:28.52]Q: What did the woman buy finally?
[01:45.91]12. M: Lucy, could you describe
[01:49.03]what you were doing at that moment?
[01:51.46]W: Well, I was still sleeping at 6 o’clock.
[01:54.70]Then there was a horrible sound
[01:56.73]and the floor was just bouncing
[01:58.55]and rolling like waves,
[02:00.17]all at the same time.
[02:02.64]Q: What are the speakers talking about?
[02:20.05]13. W: Hi, Peter. I was surprised
[02:23.29]to see you in class in children’s literature yesterday.
[02:27.19]Are you also majoring in Elementary Education?
[02:30.87]M: No, I’m not. But as a psychology major,
[02:34.63]I can use this to fulfill the requirement
[02:37.27]in Developmental Psychology.
[02:40.39]Q: What can we learn from the conversation?
[02:58.49]14. M: How was the trip, Ellen?
[03:02.09]W: It was all right except the plane.
[03:04.40]It should have taken off at 14:00,
[03:06.97]but it was grounded for two hours
[03:08.80]and fifteen minutes because of the bad weather.
[03:12.78]Q: When did the plane take off?
[03:29.95]15. M: I really can’t understand it.
[03:33.97]I kept a very careful record of my checks
[03:36.85]but the total was always much less
[03:39.04]than I had deposited.
[03:41.62]W: But perhaps your wife
[03:42.76]also wrote some checks, Charlie.
[03:45.97]Q: What does the woman imply?
[04:03.19]16. W: You don’t look smart this morning.
[04:06.70]It seems that you’re not happy.
[04:09.13]Come on, what happened?
[04:11.03]M: We had a power failure at home last night
[04:13.64]and I missed most of the football match.
[04:18.09]Q: What can we infer from the conversation?
[04:36.23]17. M: I think Jim is the best choice for
[04:40.98]president of the Student Assembly.
[04:43.34]W: So do I. Now that Peter
[04:45.30]dropped out of the race.
[04:47.97]Q: What does the woman mean?
[05:05.43]18. M: Have you decided where
[05:08.94]you are going to live when you get married?
[05:11.86]W: I would like to live in the city,
[05:13.78]but my boyfriend wants a house
[05:15.51]in the suburbs, which means a long way
[05:18.11]from my office.
[05:20.47]Q: Why does the woman want to
[05:21.85]live in the city?
[05:38.60]Now you will hear the two
[05:40.15]long conversations.
[05:42.70]Conversation One
[05:45.26]W: Hello. 85469959.
[05:49.07]Can I help you?
[05:50.18]M: Hello. I’m calling about
[05:51.69]the advertisement in the newspaper.
[05:54.30]Are the rooms still available now?
[05:56.68]W: Yes, they are. Would you like to
[05:58.57]make an appointment to come and see?
[06:00.87]It’s very convenient to get here
[06:02.72]by bus or subway.
[06:04.52]M: Well, I’m very interested in the rooms.
[06:06.92]But could I ask you a few questions first?
[06:10.06]W: Yes, of course. Go ahead.
[06:12.06]M: What sort of house is it?
[06:14.05]W: Well, it’s a semi-detached house
[06:16.49]with three floors.
[06:17.82]And eight rooms all together.
[06:20.25]I usually have seven people living here,
[06:22.68]sharing the kitchen and bathroom.
[06:25.16]M: Are the rooms fully furnished?
[06:27.05]You see, I’ll only be here for three months.
[06:30.19]W: Yes, there’s a single bed,
[06:32.15]a wardrobe(橱柜), a desk, a chair
[06:34.03]and a book case.
[06:35.73]M: And what about the kitchen?
[06:37.47]You see, I’m Chinese, so I’d like to cook for myself
[06:41.17]because I’m not used to Western food.
[06:44.08]W: Ah, you’re from China, aren’t you?
[06:46.58]I’ve heard Chinese food is delicious.
[06:49.58]The kitchen has most things
[06:51.40]but it doesn’t have one of
[06:52.77]those special Chinese pans.
[06:55.22]M: OK. What about the surroundings
[06:57.47]in the community?
[06:58.95]W: It’s not far from the bus station
[07:00.80]and the subway, and there’s
[07:02.80]a Chinese supermarket near here.
[07:05.00]M: OK, thank you very much.
[07:07.10]I will think it over
[07:08.42]and phone you this afternoon
[07:10.22]to make an appointment.
[07:13.88]Questions 19 to 22 are based
[07:16.64]on the conversation you have just heard.
[07:20.91]19. Where does the man get the news
[07:24.31]about the house?
[07:41.34]20. How does the woman describe the house?
[08:00.33]21. What about the surroundings
[08:03.42]in the community?
[08:20.21]22. What’s the man’s last decision?
[08:39.37]Conversation Two
[08:41.76]M: Hi, Diana, mind if I sit down?
[08:44.80]W: Not at all, Jerry. How’s everything going?
[08:48.25]M: Good. But I’m surprised to see you
[08:50.68]on the city bus. Your car in the shop?
[08:53.87]W: No. I’ve just been thinking a lot
[08:56.31]about the environment lately.
[08:58.42]So I thought the air will be much cleaner
[09:00.89]if we all use public transportation when we could.
[09:04.90]M: I’m sure you’re right.
[09:06.88]The diesel(柴油机) bus isn’t exactly pollution free.
[09:10.18]W: True. They’ll be running a lot cleaner soon.
[09:13.46]We were just talking about
[09:14.99]that in my environmental engineering class.
[09:18.20]M: What could the city do?
[09:20.32]Install pollution filters in all their buses?
[09:23.56]W: They could, but those filters make the engines
[09:26.25]work harder and really cut down the fuel efficiency.
[09:30.25]Instead they found a way to make their engines more efficient.
[09:34.77]M: How?
[09:35.72]W: Well, there is a material
[09:37.34]which is really a good insulator.
[09:40.16]And a thin coat of it gets sprayed
[09:42.41]on the certain part of the engine.
[09:44.36]M: An insulator?
[09:45.81]W: Yeah. What it does is reflect back
[09:48.65]the heat of burning fuel.
[09:50.38]So the fuel will burn much hotter
[09:52.52]and burn up more completely.
[09:55.00]M: So less unburned fuel comes out
[09:57.38]to pollute the air.
[09:59.16]W: And the bus only need less fuel.
[10:01.81]So with the saving on fuel cost,
[10:03.89]they say this will all pay for itself in just six months.
[10:08.55]M: Sounds like people should all go out
[10:10.38]and get some stuff of this kind
[10:12.22]to spray their car engines.

[10:14.95]Questions 23 to 25 are based on
[10:18.65]the conversation you have just heard.
[10:22.22]23. Why did the woman use public transportation?
[10:42.46]24. What does the woman do?
[11:01.52]25. What is the new material?
[11:20.38]Section B
[11:22.16]Directions: In this section,
[11:26.00]you will hear 3 short passages,
[11:29.80]at the end of each passage,
[11:31.60]you will hear some questions.
[11:34.28]Both the passage and the questions
[11:36.54]will be spoken only once.
[11:40.41]After you hear a question,
[11:42.36]you must choose the best answer
[11:44.64]from the four choices marked A), B), C)
[11:47.93]and D). Then mark the corresponding letter
[11:51.61]on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
[11:57.14]Passage One
[11:59.18]In ancient times,
[12:00.71]the most important examinations
[12:02.37]were spoken, not written.
[12:05.02]In the schools of ancient Greece
[12:06.94]and Rome, testing usually consisted of
[12:09.70]reading poetry aloud or giving speeches.
[12:13.51]In the European universities of the Middle Ages,
[12:16.46]students who were working for advanced degrees
[12:19.42]had to discuss questions in their field of study
[12:22.91]with people who had made a special study
[12:25.65]of the subject. This custom exists today
[12:28.93]as part of the process of testing candidates
[12:32.00]for the doctor’s degree.
[12:34.29]Generally, however, modern examinations are written.
[12:38.40]The written examination, where all students
[12:41.02]are tested on the same questions,
[12:43.04]was probably not known until the 19th century.
[12:47.49]Perhaps it came into existence
[12:49.29]with the great increase in population
[12:52.08]and the development of modern industry.
[12:54.84]A room full of candidates for a state examination,
[12:58.26]timed exactly by electric clocks
[13:00.74]and carefully watched over by managers,
[13:03.20]resembles a group of workers
[13:05.47]at an automobile factory.
[13:07.80]Certainly, during examinations
[13:09.82]teachers and students are expected
[13:12.32]to act as machines.
[13:14.60]One type of test is sometimes
[13:16.35]called an objective test.
[13:19.09]It is intended to deal with facts,
[13:21.43]not personal opinions.
[13:23.37]To make up an objective test,
[13:25.39]the teacher writes a series of questions,
[13:27.88]each of which has only one correct answer.
[13:33.04]Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage
[13:37.35]you have just heard.
[13:39.81]26. How are the most important examinations
[13:44.26]held in ancient times?
[14:01.38]27. How did students in Middle Ages take a test?
[14:21.79]28. What might be the reason for
[14:24.98]the application of written examination?
[14:43.20]29. What can we learn from the passage?
[15:02.02]Passage Two
[15:04.06]There are many illegal ways of getting rich.
[15:07.28]Printing illegal money has been a method
[15:09.95]that many criminals have chosen to get rich quickly.
[15:13.95]As technology continues to improve,
[15:16.70]so does the ability of criminals to fool the police
[15:20.38]as well as the general public.
[15:23.12]Printing illegal money has become a worldwide method
[15:26.66]for criminals to get rich quickly.
[15:29.50]The printing of illegal money
[15:31.50]is one of the oldest crimes in history.
[15:34.46]It was a serious problem during the 19th century
[15:38.14]when banks issued their own money.
[15:40.03]At the time of the Civil War,
[15:42.15]it was estimated that 1/3 of all money
[15:44.97]in circulation was illegal,
[15:47.84]and the introduction of US dollars in 1863
[15:51.40]was expected to solve
[15:53.16]the problem of illegal money.
[15:55.53]However, the dollar bills were soon copied
[15:58.28]so extensively that it became necessary
[16:01.08]for the government to take action.
[16:03.50]On July 5th, 1865,
[16:06.10]the United States Secret Service
[16:08.35]was established to stop printing illegal money.
[16:11.90]Although illegal printing of money
[16:14.29]is less of a problem now than it was 100 years ago,
[16:18.48]it is still an issue that is being addressed worldwide.
[16:22.81]Advanced design, copying
[16:24.60]and publishing technology are making it easier
[16:27.91]to produce high-quality illegal money
[16:30.67]as well as commercial checks,
[16:32.80]travelers’ checks and money orders.
[16:35.80]A new generation of illegal money printing came
[16:39.04]when computerized color copiers
[16:41.57]became capable of producing high-quality copies.
[16:45.69]This allowed documents to be changed,
[16:48.27]and false documents to be produced
[16:51.23]without having the original one.
[16:53.81]These copiers can easily produce documents
[16:56.84]that look genuine.
[17:00.38]Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage
[17:04.02]you have just heard.
[17:06.92]30. What has become a worldwide method
[17:10.44]for criminals to get rich quickly?
[17:28.35]31. What did the United States do
[17:31.60]to stop printing illegal money?
[17:48.90]32. What are used to produce false documents
[17:53.44]without the original one?
[18:10.88]Passage Three
[18:12.77]The Peales were a famous family of American artists.
[18:16.54]Charles Willson Peale is best remembered
[18:18.97]for his portraits of leading figures
[18:21.13]of the American Revolution.
[18:23.36]He painted portraits of Franklin
[18:25.04]and Jefferson
[18:26.22]and over a dozen of George Washington.
[18:29.18]His life-size portrait of his sons Raphaelle
[18:31.81]and Titian was so realistic
[18:33.54]that George Washington once tipped his hat
[18:36.35]to the figures in the picture.
[18:38.66]Charles Willson Peale gave up painting
[18:40.77]in his middle age and devoted his life
[18:43.29]to the Peale museum,
[18:45.32]which he founded in Philadelphia.
[18:47.83]The world’s first popular museum of art
[18:50.12]and natural science mainly covered paintings
[18:52.62]by Peale and his family
[18:54.67]as well as displays of animals
[18:56.74]in their natural settings.
[18:59.40]Peale found the animals himself
[19:01.56]and found a method to make the exhibits
[19:03.83]more lifelike. The most popular display in the museum
[19:07.78]was the skeleton of a huge, extinct elephant,
[19:11.22]which Peale unearthed on a New York farm in 1801.
[19:15.80]Three of Peale’s 17 children were also famous artists.
[19:19.93]Paphaelle Peale often painted still lives of flowers,
[19:23.31]fruit, and cheese. His brother Rembrandt
[19:26.19]studied under his father
[19:27.80]and painted portraits of many noted people,
[19:30.65]including George Washington.
[19:32.54]Another brother, Rubens Peale,
[19:34.25]mainly painted landscapes and portraits.
[19:37.40]James Peale, the brother of Charles Willson Peale,
[19:40.49]specialized in miniatures.
[19:43.06]His daughter Sarah Miriam Peale
[19:45.13]was probably the first professional
[19:47.12]female portrait painter in America.
[19:51.69]Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage
[19:55.82]you have just heard.
[19:58.37]33. Who were the Peales?
[20:16.61]34. Why did Charles Willson Peale
[20:20.14]give up painting?
[20:36.95]35. How many children of Peale’s
[20:40.28]were also famous artists?
[20:58.17]Section C
[21:00.19]Directions: In this section,
[21:03.24]you will hear a passage three times.
[21:06.33]When the passage is read for the first time,
[21:09.84]you should listen carefully for its general idea.
[21:13.80]When the passage is read for the second time,
[21:17.27]you are required to fill in the blanks
[21:20.40]numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words
[21:25.78]you have just heard.
[21:28.45]For blanks numbered from 44 to 46
[21:32.92]you are required to fill in the missing information.
[21:37.33]For these blanks, you can either use the exact words
[21:41.35]you have just heard or write down the main points
[21:45.57]in your own words.
[21:48.61]Finally, when the passage is read for the third time,
[21:52.67]you should check what you have written.
[21:56.09]Now listen to the passage.
[22:02.22]When young people get their real jobs,
[22:04.69]they may face a lot of new, confusing situations.
[22:08.75]They may find that everything is different
[22:11.53]from the things at school.
[22:13.52]It is also possible that they will feel uncomfortable
[22:17.40]in both professional and social situations.
[22:21.07]Eventually, they realize
[22:22.59]that university classes can’t be the only preparation
[22:26.71]for all of the different situations
[22:29.52]that appear in the working world.
[22:32.18]Perhaps the best way to learn
[22:33.66]how to behave in the working world
[22:35.83]is to identify a worker you admire
[22:38.50]and observe his behavior.
[22:41.15]In doing so, you’ll be able to find out
[22:43.87]what it is that you admire in this person.
[22:47.25]For example, you will observe
[22:49.23]how he acts when he is in trouble.
[22:52.02]Perhaps even more important,
[22:54.24]you will be able to learn
[22:55.85]what his approach to everyday situations is.
[22:59.29]While you are observing your colleague,
[23:01.93]you should be asking yourself
[23:04.02]whether his behavior is like yours
[23:06.87]and what you can learn from
[23:08.50]his responses to different situations.
[23:11.82]By watching and learning from a model,
[23:14.06]you will probably begin to identify
[23:16.72]and learn good working habits.
[23:21.83]Now the passage will be read again.
[23:25.52]When young people get their real jobs,
[23:27.85]they may face a lot of new, confusing situations.
[23:32.27]They may find that everything is different
[23:34.86]from the things at school.
[23:36.67]It is also possible that they will feel uncomfortable
[23:40.42]in both professional and social situations.
[23:44.37]Eventually, they realize
[23:45.95]that university classes can’t be the only preparation
[23:50.19]for all of the different situations
[23:52.76]that appear in the working world.
[23:55.42]Perhaps the best way to learn
[23:57.05]how to behave in the working world
[23:59.09]is to identify a worker you admire
[24:02.02]and observe his behavior.
[24:04.60]In doing so, you’ll be able to find out
[24:07.29]what it is that you admire in this person.
[25:00.60]For example, you will observe
[25:02.52]how he acts when he is in trouble.
[25:05.56]Perhaps even more important,
[25:07.68]you will be able to learn
[25:09.06]what his approach to everyday situations is.
[26:02.97]While you are observing your colleague,
[26:04.97]you should be asking yourself
[26:07.18]whether his behavior is like yours
[26:09.69]and what you can learn from
[26:11.27]his responses to different situations.
[26:14.85]By watching and learning from a model,
[26:17.11]you will probably begin to identify
[26:19.77]and learn good working habits.
[27:12.67]Now the passage will be read for the third time.
[27:16.67]When young people get their real jobs,
[27:19.03]they may face a lot of new, confusing situations.
[27:23.14]They may find that everything is different
[27:25.96]from the things at school.
[27:27.95]It is also possible that they will feel uncomfortable
[27:31.55]in both professional and social situations.
[27:35.32]Eventually, they realize
[27:36.97]that university classes can’t be the only preparation
[27:41.23]for all of the different situations
[27:43.87]that appear in the working world.
[27:46.58]Perhaps the best way to learn
[27:48.12]how to behave in the working world
[27:50.26]is to identify a worker you admire
[27:53.19]and observe his behavior.
[27:55.71]In doing so, you’ll be able to find out
[27:58.37]what it is that you admire in this person.
[28:01.61]For example, you will observe
[28:03.67]how he acts when he is in trouble.
[28:06.69]Perhaps even more important,
[28:08.79]you will be able to learn
[28:10.30]what his approach to everyday situations is.
[28:13.84]While you are observing your colleague,
[28:16.29]you should be asking yourself
[28:18.54]whether his behavior is like yours
[28:21.03]and what you can learn from
[28:22.83]his responses to different situations.
[28:26.27]By watching and learning from a model,
[28:28.43]you will probably begin to identify
[28:31.10]and learn good working habits.
[28:37.64]This is the end of listening comprehension.
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